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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 134-138

Evaluation of emotional abuse perceived by the elderly living in nursing homes

1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
2 Department of Elderly Care, Abdi Sutcu Vocational School of Health Services, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey
3 Department of Nursing, School of Health, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Osmaniye, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saliha Bozdogan Yesilot
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Cukurova University, Adana 01380
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jgmh.jgmh_8_18

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Introduction: In recent years, a significant increase in elderly population, modernization, industrial improvements, and greater involvement of women in the workforce have led to an increase in elder abuse. Elder abuse and frequent emotional abuse of the elderly have significant negative effects on their health and well-being. This study was conducted to evaluate the level of emotional abuse perceived by the elderly living in nursing homes. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out between June 15 and July 15, 2017, at the Nursing Home Elderly Care and Rehabilitation Center in Adana, Turkey. The study sample consisted of a total of 118 elderly individuals who were selected using a simple random sampling method. Research data were collected using a personal information form and the perceived emotional abuse scale for adults (PEASA). The study results were evaluated using the IBM SPSS Statistics 22 (IBM SPSS, Turkey) program. The statistical significance level was set at P <0.05 for all analyses. Results: The mean age of the participants was 74.63 ± 6.76 years; of these, 50.2% were male, 70.3% were married, 29.7% were primary school graduates, and 83.1% had children. Their mean PEASA score was determined as 133.86 ± 35.23. The mean PEASA score of the elderly individuals without children was found to be statistically significantly higher than that of the elderly individuals with children (P = 0.044; P < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the mean PEASA scores in terms of other descriptive characteristics of the participants (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The study results showed that the mean PEASA score of elderly individuals living in nursing homes was slightly above the scale mean score in general, and these individual perceived moderate emotional abuse.

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