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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-20

Depression and somatic symptoms in dementia: A narrative review

Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shiva Shanker Reddy Mukku
Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jgmh.jgmh_4_20

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Dementia is an irreversible progressive degenerative disease with cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment eventually leads to impaired activities of daily living and premature mortality. Apart from cognitive symptoms, nearly two-thirds of dementia patients have behavioral problems commonly known as behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs). Depression and dementia have a complex relationship. Depression is a risk factor, prodrome and as well as a BPSD symptom in dementia. Depression in dementia is known to cause decreased quality of life and poor outcomes. Depression though common in dementia it is often under-recognized and treated. Somatic symptoms are further less studied BPSD in dementia. With the changes in nosology and criteria for somatic symptoms disorders in the classificatory system, there is renewed interest in somatic symptoms in dementia. In this article, we discuss about depressive and somatic symptoms in patients with dementia along with assessment and management.

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